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English language exam oral topics [22]
Contains English language exam oral topics that I wrote for my ECL C1 exam in 2012. I hope you can use my "notes" and thoughts about the topics, and learn from them for your exams.
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Érettségi szóbeli tételek 2014 tavasz [20]
2014 tavaszi érettségi anyagok, kidolgozott szóbeli tételek

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    Home » Articles » School supplements/ Iskolai kiegészítő anyagok » English language exam oral topics

    23 Current questions of economy and society

    Nowadays the economy and society changes moment by moment, leaving changes in people’s life, too. A lot of bad thing are happening, also, but these crimes are caused by the people who don’t want to agree on and accept everything that the government or the laws say.

    Nowadays corruption grows to greater sizes and a lot of policemen, politicians and other people are being sent to jail, because they’ve been charged with corruption.

     Besides corruption there’s very often smuggling, which is the clandestine transportation of goods or persons, such as out of a building, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations. 

    There are a lot of economic crimes, like corruption. In economy, corruption is payment for services or material which the recipient is not due, under law. Like when you go at a higher speed somewhere that it is allowed at that place, and a policeman arrests you, you give money to the man to let you go, this way you don’t have to pay a fine, give him your drivers license or serve some time in prison. If it turns out that you bribed a policeman, both of you will be arrested and have to go to jail.

    There are various motivations to smuggle. These include the participation in illegal trade, such as in the drug trade, in illegal immigration, or illegal emigration, tax evasion, providing contraband to a prison inmate, or the theft of the items being smuggled. Examples of non-financial motivations include bringing banned items past a security checkpoint (such as airline security), or the removal of classified documents from a government or a corporate office.

     A lot of smuggling happens in our country, too, especially from the Ukrainian and Serbian side. Hundreds of Roma people and different families benefit from smuggling, and even they live on the money or other benefits they get from it. Incredible amounts can be smuggled through the borders, and unfortunately, the smugglers are not always get noticed, as they worked out different tricks against the checks. They transport not only cigarettes and drugs, but even petrol and small animals, like rare birds which are illegal to hunt for in a country, but are eaten and bought at a high price in other places where these species can’t be found. Mostly, the animal smuggling people get the animals here, in Hungary, and usually transport the rare species to France.

     Also, they can smuggle people, who, in a hope of a new, good life would sacrifice everything that is theirs, but usually are caught. This is why they started to immigrate illegally. Though, they still had to eat, so they started to work, also not legally. This again is a huge problem nowadays. Like in the case of America, people staying in the states illegally are being expelled when it turns out that they are illegal immigrants, and they might be punished for it, as for working without any documents or permission.

     People like to try out dangerous things, especially when they are young, they feel that they are strong and powerful from every viewpoint and they think they can let themselves do anything. Very often they try out smoking and drinking alcoholic drinks, and sometimes even drugs. If somebody does this more than they should, they can easily become addicted, and these kinds of obsessions mean great health hazards, and people can easily die because of overdose or something like that. Of course, smoking is not good for the passive-smokers, neither. These are the people that basically are not smoking, but are breathing in the air that somebody polluted with the smoke of their cigarettes. Due to this, serious measurements have been taken in Hungary, and from the 1st January smoking is banned and punished in public places.

     Prostitution can base on two causes: the first is when somebody decides to be a prostitute because their own will, probably because of the lack of any other job. The other way is when someone is forced to work like that, because they grew up like in an orphanage and who adopted them wanted the kids to do this. In my opinion, prostitution is not a bad habit, but more like a sacrifice, until somebody does it in their need, and not just for fun. Whenever I see a woman standing on the edge of the road, I’m not thinking of her with hatred, but I’m thinking of why she is standing there.

     Unfortunately, as they are alone, they can be easily the target for violent people, who may rape and rob, or in the worst case, kill them. Prostitution is heard very often together with the word crime, as in some countries it is against the law, expect from under some conditions, like when somebody does it for their own self, in a house, in a clean environment and  not with the guest they shouldn’t accept.

     Terrorism is a topic that is very interesting for a lot of people. We can hear a lot about terrorist groups and suicidors who plant bomb, or fix them on their own bodies and blow them up near places that are very crowded or where are important people for the government, just to fight or their own, not always good interests. Terrorists are considered to be criminals and are being chased everywhere. However, they are still humans, like us, so they also have rights, too.

     There are many human rights activists because in not all places people have the same rights, and there are ever parts of the world where young children are made to work by their parents or because the family hasn’t got enough money and children have to start collecting money at a very young age. The human rights activists are protesting for these children and collecting funds for their education and for not sending them to work. The human rights are commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because he or she is a human being. These rights are universal, applicable everywhere and the same for everyone. These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national and international law.

     Many of the basic ideas that animated the movement developed in the aftermath of the second world war and the atrocities of The Holocaust, culminating in the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. The ancient world did not possess the concept of universal human rights.




    Category: English language exam oral topics | Added by: LumiereBlackwood (20 Jul 2013)
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