The genetic engineering and cloning have always been
very interesting topics, because science-fiction showed people lots of
different sides of it, and not one of the great state-of-art inventions are
based on these ideas. Sci-fi predicted even the cell phones, the portable
computers and the teleportation. „Beam me up, Scotty” is a very well-known
sentence from captain Kirk in the Star-Trek series, and these days as the
modern technique improves, it is even possible now to teleport small things in
short distances, so who knows when can happen that due to genetic engineering,
a plant can wave back at us.
Back to cloning, it turned out to be really useful, as
doctors can reproduce one’s injured body parts and organs. It’s not only about
having one more from oneself, who goes to school and work, but it’s better for
Some people still disagree with the idea of genetic
engineering and cloning, because it is definitely not natural, and sometimes
may be harmful for the environment or for the humans and animals. Just let’s
take the gardening for an example. There are hybrids of different plants,
mostly for corn. They might smell/look/taste better, but we also should take
into consideration the price, the healthiness, which is not always tested, due
to the youth of these experiments, and even there are engineered plants which
will not have seeds, so it takes other genetic engineering to get new seeds you
can plant, but again, you can only eat these plants and won’t get anything to
This situation leads to a circle of experiments of
genetic engineering, planting, using, like eating or planting, and then again
the seed problem, or further engineering programs. During this experiments they
might involve animals too, because of the fact that some plants or their
engineered versions may be harmful or poisonous to human beings, so scientists use
animals first to decide whether real people can test it, or not.
Big companies and factories also test cosmetics and
other chemicals on animals. There are a lot of animal-rights activists who try
to protest against these animal experiments, as they think that the animals
also have feelings and rights for the life, for a healthy and livable life. For
example, PETA is an organization for the animal rights. Some people are
interested in it, some don’t know anything about it, but bigger percentage of
people simply just don’t care about it and buy the things they see on the
shelves and in the advertisements.
However, there are companies which don’t do any
experiments on animals and they are still famous for their products. Mostly they
don’t use any chemicals, just plants and herbs, as it was in the past, when
people hadn’t have great knowledge of the things, but had known if something
was or was not good for them. (GIGI, Himalaya Herbals)
If we care
about the animals rights a bit, we can search after, buy and use cosmetics
which were not tested on dogs, cats, rodents and on other pets. Because they
test chemicals on smaller animals, which may even happen to be our favorite
family dog’s puppy we sold last week to a kind stranger.
To talk about
rights, we have to mention the human rights, too, as there are important issues
in it, like euthanasia, death penalty, discrimination and even nuclear experiments.
start with death penalty and euthanasia. They are a bit similar, because both
end up in death, but one is chosen, the other is deserved. Capital punishment
has been used in almost every part of the globe, but in the last few decades
many countries have abolished it. The United States is a complicated case,
because in most of the states it has been abolished, but in some states, it is
still alive and in use. These states, like Ohio, Pennsylvania and South
Carolina may seem to discriminate people who live or commit crime there, but
the truth about is that most of the most serious crimes happen there.
are 5 options to choose from for the people on the death-row. These are the
lethal injection, electrocution, gas chamber, hanging and firing squad.
Centuries ago, decapitation was the most popular, as it was the easiest way to
take away a sinners life. After doctor Guillotine invented his huge blade,
which cut the heads off, it became even easier.
Despite of its easiness, death penalty is a very
serious issue, due to the fact that even now, with the so much developed techniques
we can’t always say with 100% sureness that the suspected perpetrator was the
one who really committed the crime which deserve the punishment. This is why it
is dangerous and has been abolished in almost every country. Even people
started to think that if someone commits such a big crime, their life should
not end in a few minutes, but they should suffer a lifetime in prison.
Personally, I agree with this idea, and in my opinion even creating longer
prison sentences for convicted criminals would deter others from committing
violent crimes. If somebody took an other humans life, they should feel its
weight and not just pass away with the easiness that they will not suffer,
because they still have rights even in the moment of their death, which
prevents them from suffering and painful end.
To talk about
the other form of the artificial death, euthanasia is abolished in a lot of
countries, too. This is a method for gracious death, when somebody is suffering
from something which is unquestionably lethal, like cancer or HIV/AIDS. This
type of death is requested by the suffering people, who are not able to live
with the fact that they would die in any moment, like in the last period of
cancer, or have so serious and life-threatening injuries or other illnesses.
Though in some
countries and states it is forbidden, people firmly and completely have the
rights to their own lives and even death, which can’ be taken by others.
According to the law, people can take their own life by suicide or euthanasia.
If one’s forbidden, they choose the other desperately.
people can be prevented from suffering at the end of their life, from low
living standards, even from abusement and forced prostitution. It may be a
relief in these situations, and can free up more medical funds to others, who
really need it, who wants to keep alive.
who live in places where euthanasia is forbidden, they invented the
„euthanasia-tourism”, which is about that they go to a country, where it is
legal and according to their wish, they die there. This is another method for
being free. Switzerland, the Netherlands.
As I see it,
euthanasia is not a bad thing, as it keeps away people from suffering and
everything is happening as they want it to be like. In front of me, the only
one thing that would deter me from it if I would be so ill, like in the last
period of cancer, the fact that my beloved ones may forgive it to me, as they
could understand it, but this is the only sin that God does not forgive. This
is only because I’m religious, but everybody sees it in this way. By the way,
as we mention the religion, we should talk a bit more about the Ten
Commandments, as they make the base of the laws in every country.
important topic is the discrimination. When somebody goes to a new place and
joins a new group of people, a new society, they have to fight with several
integration problems. Even the color of their skin can make troubles, or their
religion. Not all of the society are tolerant with differences and some of them
have problems with accepting new cultures or new attributions in their
these excluded people start to search for others who are they similar to and
make their own little societies, like the different quarters in New York:
Chinatown, Little Italy and other places. If people like diversity so much on
the shelves of supermarkets, why don’t they like it on the streets? Well, this
is a very interesting question.
overpopulation or the under population can be a problem. People want privacy,
so they decide to live alone in a house, or they want a big family, but they
can’t live their lives in small flats, both are problems. One of my
acquaintances said that the number of your children is inversely proportional
to your living standards. I see the point in her words, because when you have a
child, you may give everything he or she could need, but if you have two
children, you split your money into two, and now you can’t afford every need of
your family. Even the ancient Greek people knew these disadvantages, that’s why
they didn’t have so many children.
And in the not
so wealthy families, they try to help each other and to find the other’s
company, so they start to move closer to each other. This may be the beginning
of a slum. And even if you were born into a place like this, you can try to do
your best, to learn and work as hard as you can, as long as they see your
address on your papers, you won’t get the best jobs, because the employers
would give the jobs for somebody else who may be less clever and intelligent,
but can show a better living environment on their papers.
Even in China,
the overpopulations has a very important role in the Chinese families’ lives.
They are supposed to have only one child, because the Chinese society grows
bigger and bigger each minute, until not just the government, but the Earth
can’t provide enough things for their needs. That’s why the families with one
child can get supplies and different aids and bill reductions. Parents with two
children are supposed to pay everything and they don’t get anything from the
government. In families with more children, from the third kid they can’t even
go to school and get educated. This is how the government tries to stop or at
least reduce a bit the Chinese overpopulation problems.
want to be ready for everything, even if somebody attacks them. They invent and
produce more and more dangerous weapons, like the nuclear ones.
There are many
experiments on them, and in my opinion they are really disgusting and not for
neurasthenic people or the ones living in families. I have heard that there
were even experiments on babies and stillborns without the permission of the
parents. Despite of the fact that some got Nobel-prizes for their experiments,
it is still an unbearable thing for me, and I was not even able to read or hear
anything else about this topic. I don’t feel myself able to talk a lot about
this, since it made a deep and bad impression on me, and it caused me really
But there were
other terrible events in the history of the nuclear experiments, like in
Hiroshima and Nagasaki, during WWII. But let’s go back to the beginning. According to
a few years ago released reports, some 45,000 people, mainly Soviet soldiers,
were deliberately exposed in 1954 to radiation from a bomb twice as powerful as
the one dropped on Hiroshima just nine years before. At 9:33 a.m. on 14
September 1954, a Soviet bomber plane dropped an atomic weapon. The bomb
exploded above Totskoye testing range near the provincial town of Orenburg.
Thousands are believed to have died in the immediate aftermath and in the years
following. The pilot flying the bomber developed leukemia and his co-pilot
developed bone cancer.
was designed to test the performance of military hardware and soldiers in the
event of a nuclear war. There are no official figures showing how many of the
45,000 people sent to Totskoye testing range died as a result of the test.
Tamara Zlotnikova, a former member of the Russian Duma, is helping survivors
fight for compensation. She believes that the toll from the test was enormous.
According to Zlotnikova, "Even today, the incidence of some cancers in
Orenburg, a city 130 miles from the range, is double that of the people who
suffered in Chernobyl. A study carried out by the health ministry on cities
with the worst health problems puts Orenburg second out of 88. Thousands died.
These people were used as guinea pigs, tested, and then left to die slowly of
cancer. The state does not want their tragedy recognized, because it would cost
money. Nobody wants to know."
(source: The Sunday Times (UK), 24 June 2001)