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English language exam oral topics [22]
Contains English language exam oral topics that I wrote for my ECL C1 exam in 2012. I hope you can use my "notes" and thoughts about the topics, and learn from them for your exams.
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Érettségi szóbeli tételek 2014 tavasz [20]
2014 tavaszi érettségi anyagok, kidolgozott szóbeli tételek

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    Home » Articles » School supplements/ Iskolai kiegészítő anyagok » English language exam oral topics

    17 Culture and civilization

    The United States of America (also called the United States, the U.S., the USA, America and the States) is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty sates and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where is forty-eight contiguous states, but  the country also possesses several territories in the Pacific and in the Caribbean. At 9.83 million square kilometers and with 312 million people, the United States is the third largest area by both land area and population on Earth.

     It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large scale immigration from many countries. The Native American population was greatly reduced by disease and warfare after European contact. The United States was founded by 13 British colonies located along the Atlantic seaboard. On July 4, 1776, they issued the Declaration of Indepence, which proclaimed their right to self-determination and their establishment of a cooperative union. The rebellious states defeated the British colonies in the American Revolution, the first successful colonial war of independence. The most recent state, Hawaii, achieved statehood in August 21, 1959. The states do not have the right to secede from the union.

     This is how America got the form it has today. All in all, it is a very young country, not like Hungary, which’s history goes back long centuries ago, when the first Huns came here to Kárpát Basin. They were a very strong partner in war even for the Romans, and they conquered enormous territories from other nations, to have a place to settle down, until they found this place where now we live.

     We also have hosted many other nations during history, until this day. Nowadays there are many people from Romania, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Ukraine, Poland and even from China, while Hungarians prefer to move abroad in hope of a better job, higher living standards, bigger salary and so on. Thousands of young people finish their education here, because of the high standards, and after they go away from here. Personally, I’m planning to continue my studies after high school in another country, as I may have better chances abroad. This is the way the others are thinking, too. I would say, its major cause might be the current political situation, as not just in the opinion of the native Hungarian people, but in the opinion of the other parts of the world, cities, countries, even the EU and the UN it keeps getting worse and worse.

     In the past we used to be famous for our geniuses, the famous and important inventions, but now for the bad side of our beautiful country, the politics, and the low living standards.

     Last summer I spent two months in America and I saw that there are a lot of differences not just in politics, but in everyday life, perception of life, and so on. I was really amazed not by the enormous size of buildings and household appliances, but the enormous heart and soul of the people. This really is a place where people from abroad want to come to because they can manage their dreams become true. They can show their talent and/or find the dream job. America might be so tempting for young people because it has a lot of place to live and to work where, chances to find nice jobs with high payouts, and it’s a great mixing bowl of nations, cultures, religions, so everyone can find a slot in this great puzzle where they can fit into with their attributes. They simply live and let others live in democracy.

     An example for their acceptance and open-mindness is the president, Barack Obama. He is the first black president of America and is very popular all around the world. A funny thing that a lot of packages were sent to him from Hungary, as his name means peach in our language. Jams, fruits and who knows what else in connection with it.

     All in all, America from here seems to be a uniformized mix of people, but as we open the door of different houses we find that all of them keep their own traditions at their homes, in the family and inside of their hearts. this is what makes America a so attempting place to be. Everyone there is so proud of their countries, both America and their origins, and they love them from the bottom of the heart. They do thing for them not just to show off how wealthy they are, not to step on the other countries, but they are really loyal and grateful to their countries.

     I have heard from a good Chinese friend of mine that their politics is just about how to step on the other countries, how to get on the top, not taking into consideration anybody else, not even their own family, just the interests of the whole country. The girl who told me what are they talking and modeling even in their model UN was so devastated when she had to face that the world is not as cruel and greedy as the Chinese government tells them.

     Back to Hungary, it is well known for its beautiful landscapes, popular holiday destinations, the cuisine and the hospitality. It’s more like a uniformized society than the melting pot of the nations, like America.

     In the States, even the holiday events and the celebrations are different. According to their originates, they celebrate every single thing in their own traditions, at their homes, with their beloved ones.

    Category: English language exam oral topics | Added by: LumiereBlackwood (20 Jul 2013)
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